Zhao Mengfu is a famous calligrapher, painter and poet from the end of the Southern Song Dynasty to the beginning of the Yuan Dynasty. He is the grandson of Zhao Kuangyin, the emperor of Song Dynasty, and the direct descendant of Zhao Defang, the king of Qin In the 23rd year of the Zhiyuan Dynasty (1286), Zhao Mengfu was recommended by Cheng Jufu, the Minister of the imperial court, and respected by Kublai Khan, the emperor of the Yuan Dynasty. He successively served as a scholar of Jixian, a general manager of Jinan Road, a scholar of Jiangsu and Zhejiang, and a scholar of Hanlin. Tired official, imperial scholar, Ronglu doctor. In his later years, he gradually retired and begged for his return by illness. In 1322, Zhao Mengfu died in 69.
Zhao Mengfu is a versatile man, good at poetry, literature, economy, calligraphy, fine painting, good at gold and stone, good at rhythm and appreciation. Especially in calligraphy and painting. In painting, he created a new style of painting in the Yuan Dynasty, known as the "crown of the Yuan people"; Zhao Mengfu was also good at seal script, Li, Zhen, Xing and cursive script, especially regular script and running script. His book style is elegant, elegant, neat and well written. He created the "Zhao style" book, which is also known as the "four masters of regular script" together with Ouyang Xun, Yan Zhenqing and Liu Gongquan.
The original scene of riverside in the Qingming Festival is more than 1643 characters, 208 livestock and 170 trees. The characters and livestock are lifelike, vividly representing the prosperity of Bianjing, the capital of the Northern Song Dynasty. "Hide the head but not the tail" is the golden law of the collection world. The riverside map of the Qingming Dynasty is rare in the world in terms of artistic value, cultural and historical data value, and has great potential for appreciation. From the picture of the river in the Qingming Dynasty, we can see several very distinctive artistic features: this painting is written with a pen and a work belt, with light and elegant colors, and different from the general paintings, that is, the so-called "number of different families". The composition adopts the panoramic method of bird's-eye view to describe the typical area of the southeast corner of Bianjing at that time. The author uses the traditional form of hand scroll to organize the picture with the method of scattered point perspective. The picture is long without redundancies, complex without disorder, tight and compact, just like a coherent one.
The scenes in the painting are as big as the quiet fields, the vast rivers, the towering city walls, as small as the characters in the zhouche, the display goods on the vendors, and the words on the market bidding. The picture is interspersed with various plots, which are well organized and interesting at the same time.