Recommend 2019 Singapore autumn photography boutique: Vase with blue and white glaze and red inside
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【The name of the】 Vase with blue and white glaze and red inside
This piece of collection, straight tube small mouth, see three small rings of decorative handle. It shows the nomadic style. Lower slightly inwards, back flat. The mouth is regular. The body of the machine is relatively thin, cut and made fine. What is commendable is the whole without willow crack, without knock. Most of the yellow granulated ooze is visible, so it is evidence of a long time ago. The back side features obvious, kaolin, flint red a perfect presentation, flowers, branches and leaves complement each other, the overall design is extremely reasonable, to show the "big yuan empire" calm atmosphere, elegant. Is one of the masterpieces of yuan. It is of high cultural, economic and historical value.
The popularity of shang porcelain reached its peak in the yuan dynasty, especially around the "zhizheng" period, when "xiao heyue chased han xin" and "guigu went down the mountain". It was one of the most famous porcelains in the yuan dynasty in China, which had a large size, the highest recognition, the longest time and the highest cost. It was also one of the most famous porcelains in the world. The emperors of the yuan dynasty spent a huge amount of money to collect materials from the boska mountain qamsa village far away from China. They spent many years in labor and money to transport the materials to the mainland. They gathered all kinds of materials in the capital (now Beijing) and finally made them. There is no precise data on the labor and cost involved, but rough estimates suggest that at least several hundred thousand silver COINS were spent.
The porcelain workers in yuan dynasty were good at drawing on the achievements of painting, carving and arts and crafts, and collected many kinds of traditional works such as Yin line, Yang line, hollow out, qiao color and the great achievements of artistic styles in the past dynasties. And absorbed the influence of foreign art, combined with flexibility, created and developed the craft, decorative jade technology is very strong, with distinctive characteristics of The Times and high artistic attainments. Yuan lihong is the most representative type of traditional porcelain firing in yuan dynasty. Yuan lihong is one of the important inventions in the history of ceramic decoration. Yuan dynasty eight dragon glaze red pull out white plum vase it is the underglaze copper red painting, pull out white, hit the board, connect the tire and become, firing difficulty is big, atmosphere particularity is strong, it should be said that yuan glaze red porcelain is a great innovation in the history of ceramics. The spread of the yuan dynasty glaze red porcelain is also very few, it can be seen that its historical, artistic, precious, can be called the treasure of Chinese civilization.
The red-glazed porcelain was created and burned in the yuan dynasty. The colorant of blue and white is cobalt oxide, which is stable in color. The pigment of glaze red is copper oxide, which is extremely volatile, so the requirement of firing atmosphere of kiln chamber is very strict. The craftsmen of jingdezhen in yuan dynasty creatively applied both of them to the same utensils. The appearance of this new variety of underglaze color is an important symbol of the progress of porcelain production technology in the yuan dynasty. Underglaze red porcelain is a kind of underglaze color form of porcelain products, namely underglaze red. The process involves painting a pattern on a porcelain shell with copper oxide, then applying a transparent glaze and firing it at a high temperature. It has very typical characteristics of The Times, and has a high reference to the humanities and science and technology at that time.
The economic value
一般认为，釉里红瓷成熟于明代，而到了清代之后，也有所发展。烧制釉里红瓷器要求有较高的温度，因此烧制成功并不容易，流传至今的元代釉里红瓷器也很少，可见它的珍贵性。纵观元代釉里红瓷器，胎体一般呈白灰色，釉面则是青白色，而烧制的器具表面往往有接痕或者削过的痕迹，底足露胎处多呈暗红色，大多器物内壁不施釉。元代开创的釉里红瓷是难得的一种新品种，之所以这样认为，是因为它具有这样的特性：铜红色料的性质很不稳定，对温度的要求极高，温度稍微有变化，便不会出现满意的效果。与此同时，还原铜在高温下容易挥发，容易流串或者融合，若温度不适宜，便会前功尽弃。由于技术条件要求十分苛刻，因此，釉里红的出现，应该说是陶瓷史上的一次伟大创新。故当今这种瓷器可遇而不可求、中新社香港6月9日电 (记者 吴钟春)三希堂国际拍卖有限公司香港春拍9日下午在香港半岛酒店落下帷幕。三希堂国际新闻发言人张加好表示，此次春拍最终成交3.6亿港元，最贵拍品落户瓷器大类，元青花釉里红螭虎耳方口扁瓶拍出6325万港元。
It is generally believed that the inner red porcelain was mature in Ming dynasty and developed after qing dynasty. The firing of glazed red porcelain requires a higher temperature, so it is not easy to succeed in firing. There are few glazed red porcelain of the yuan dynasty that has been handed down to this day, which shows its preciousness. Throughout the yuan dynasty glaze red porcelain, the body is generally white gray, glaze is bluish white, and the surface of fired appliances often have a mark or cut traces, the bottom foot exposed more than the tire was dark red, most of the inner wall of the utensils do not apply glaze. The inner glaze red porcelain created in the yuan dynasty is a rare new variety. The reason for this is that it has such characteristics: the nature of copper red material is very unstable, and the requirement for temperature is very high. At the same time, the reduction of copper in the high temperature is easy to volatilize, easy to flow or fusion, if the temperature is not appropriate, will be wasted. As a result of technical condition requirement is very harsh, accordingly, the appearance of glaze inside red, should say to be a great innovation on ceramic history. Therefore, this kind of porcelain can be met and not available, China news service Hong Kong, June 9 (reporter wu zhongchun) sanxitang international auction co., LTD. Hong Kong spring auction 9 afternoon in the peninsula hotel Hong Kong closed curtain. Zhang jihao, spokesman for sanxitang international news agency, said that the spring auction ultimately clinched a deal of 360 million Hong Kong dollars.
Yuan dynasty porcelain has an epoch-making significance in the history of ceramic decoration. Jingdezhen yuan blue and white porcelain of exquisite maturity let a person marvel, the yuan dynasty glaze red with yuan blue and white porcelain also released a strange luster. Yuan underglaze red is rare. Yuan lihong is one of the important inventions in the history of ceramic decoration. It is the underglaze copper red painting, burning difficult, strong specificity, so it has its own decorative characteristics. Due to the different iron content of kaolin, there were white and gray inclinations to the fetus, and the majority of the fetus was fine but coarse with flint red. At that time, the temperature of the glaze red kiln was low, and the porcelain body was often burned alive. As a result of the use of iron clay cake pad burning, the bottom of the type of more than a sticky black and brown sand. Enamel obviously can be divided into two categories, a kind of shade blue glaze, containing lime and calcium more, bubble obvious, painted decorative glaze red combined with carved patterns, such as dragon pattern lid pot, jade rabbit pattern jade pot spring bottle. Calcium oxide content of a kind of green white glaze, glaze, less sodium potassium content is high, the hue of stable, youligong red hair to line-drawing class youligong, youligong combined with glaze requirement is very high, so the TaiZhi preparation can not hard, to make porcelain body deformation, ancient artists commonly used kaolin daub on the shape tube, formed a special TaiZhi characteristics. Generally speaking, the glaze, gray and white in the majority, is burning the glaze of the red products glaze color moist, jade sense strong. Small parts of the product has been left with the glaze into the finger, large parts for the glaze operation method. The wisdom of the people of the yuan dynasty was displayed incisively and vividly.
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